It is anticipated that the initial discussion post should be in the range of 250-300 words. Response posts to peers have no minimum word requirement but must demonstrate topic knowledge and scholarly engagement with peers. Substantive content is imperative for all posts. All discussion prompt elements for the topic must be addressed. Please proofread your response carefully for grammar and spelling. Do not upload any attachments unless specified in the instructions. All posts should be supported by a minimum of one scholarly resource, ideally within the last 5 years. Journals and websites must be cited appropriately. Citations and references must adhere to APA format. Instructions: Case Study: Geri is a 18-year-old high school student in your clinic today because of vaginal discharge. You have seen Geri three times this past year for the same complaint and have diagnosed chlamydial cervicitis two of the three times. The other time Geri had bacterial vaginosis. Chief Complaint: “Lots of yellow vaginal discharge” HPI: yellow discharge X3 weeks with odor especially after sex; started burning with urination 2 days ago; denies vaginal/vulvar sores or irritation; says has noticed some itching on the outside. PMH: allergy to PCN and sulfa; OCP’s x 2 years for birth control; no other meds OB/GYN: no pregnancies, LMP 1 week ago; Paps UTD and WNL; Hx chlamydia cervicitis treated with doxycycline. FH: Mother with HTN (smoker) SH: Lives with mother and sister (parents divorced); currently in apartment with mother’s sister and her boyfriend because her mother is out of work; smokes 1/2 ppd x 2 years; 4-6 beers every week-end; marijuana every week-end; denies other recreational drugs; junior in high school and works at Hardees. Exam: Abdomen soft non tender inguinal lymph without adenopathy perineum normal hair distribution; no lesion or discharge vagina rugated, slightly erythematous, large amount yellow green discharge; no lesion cervix; nullip, erythematous; no exudate at os, mobile, slightly tender, with palpation uterus firm, mobile, non-tender adnexae without palpable mass or tenderness bilateral rectovag confirms findings Lab urine dip-neg blood, neg leuks, neg nitrates KOH wet prep neg hyphae, spores NaCl wet prep pos trichomonads, neg clue, pos whiff, pos WBC,s neg RBC’s rare lactobacilli Questions Would you perform a pelvic exam and/or a pap smear? What is your Diagnosis (Assessment)? What is your Plan, including treatment and education? Would you prescribe treatment for her partner(s)? What contraceptive care/counseling would you offer Geri? List 2 community resources in your are that you could utilize. Please be sure to validate your opinions and ideas with citations and references in APA format.
Sexual health is a crucial aspect of overall well-being, especially for adolescents and young adults. This paper discusses a case study involving Geri, an 18-year-old high school student, who presents with a recurrent complaint of vaginal discharge. Geri’s medical history includes a diagnosis of chlamydial cervicitis, and her current symptoms raise concerns about possible reinfection or coexisting conditions. In this paper, we will address several key questions related to her case, including the necessity of performing a pelvic exam and Pap smear, the diagnosis, treatment plan, partner treatment, contraceptive care and counseling, and the identification of community resources to support comprehensive care.
Pelvic Exam and Pap Smear
Performing a pelvic exam and Pap smear in Geri’s case is essential to gather more information and confirm the diagnosis. Geri’s symptoms, including yellow discharge, burning with urination, itching, and a history of chlamydial cervicitis, warrant a pelvic examination to assess her reproductive health comprehensively (CDC, 2021). Additionally, since Geri is sexually active and has not had any recent Pap smears, it would be prudent to conduct one as part of her evaluation, given the potential risk factors (ACOG, 2020).
Based on the clinical presentation and laboratory findings, the assessment for Geri would include:
Chlamydial cervicitis: Given her previous diagnosis of chlamydial cervicitis, the current symptoms of discharge, and past sexual history, it’s likely that this condition has recurred (Workowski & Bolan, 2015).
Trichomoniasis: The positive findings in the NaCl wet prep for trichomonads and whiff test are indicative of trichomoniasis, which can coexist with other infections (Kissinger et al., 2015).
Plan, Treatment, and Education
Treatment: Geri should be treated empirically for both chlamydial cervicitis and trichomoniasis. A combination therapy with antibiotics such as doxycycline (for chlamydia) and metronidazole (for trichomoniasis) would be appropriate. It’s crucial to ensure she completes the entire course of antibiotics (CDC, 2021).
Education: Geri should be educated about the importance of safe sexual practices, including consistent condom use to prevent future sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (ACOG, 2017). She should also be informed about the risk of alcohol and marijuana use in exacerbating STI risk and advised to consider healthier lifestyle choices (CDC, 2021).
Yes, I would prescribe treatment for Geri’s sexual partners. This is crucial to break the cycle of reinfection. I would advise her to inform her sexual partners about her diagnosis and recommend that they seek medical evaluation and treatment. Anonymous partner notification services could be offered if available in the area (CDC, 2021).
Given Geri’s history of taking oral contraceptives (OCPs), I would discuss the importance of consistent and correct usage to prevent unintended pregnancies (ACOG, 2016). Additionally, I would explore other contraceptive options with her, such as long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), and provide information on their effectiveness and benefits (ACOG, 2020).
Two community resources in the area that could be utilized include:
Local Health Department: They often provide STI testing and treatment services, including partner notification and education programs (CDC, 2021).
Planned Parenthood or a similar reproductive health clinic: These clinics offer comprehensive sexual health services, including STI testing, contraception counseling, and education on safe sex practices (Planned Parenthood, 2021).
In conclusion, Geri’s case highlights the importance of comprehensive sexual health care for adolescents and young adults. A thorough assessment, appropriate treatment, partner notification, and contraceptive counseling are essential components of her care. Identifying and utilizing community resources can further enhance the support available to individuals like Geri. Ultimately, the goal is to address her current infection, provide guidance to reduce future risks, and empower her to make informed choices regarding her sexual health and overall well-being.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). (2016). Long-Acting Reversible Contraception: Implants and Intrauterine Devices. Practice Bulletin No. 186. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 128(3), e69–e85.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). (2017). Adolescent Health Care. Committee Opinion No. 711. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 130(6), e291–e299.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). (2020). Cervical Cancer Screening and Prevention. Practice Bulletin No. 168. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 135(3), e69–e89.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021). Sexually Transmitted Infections Treatment Guidelines, 2021. MMWR Recommendations and Reports, 70(4), 1–187.
Kissinger, P., Secor, W. E., Leichliter, J. S., Clark, R. A., Schmidt, N., & Curtin, E. (2015). Early repeated infections with Trichomonas vaginalis among HIV-positive and HIV-negative women. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 61(11), 1740–1747.
Workowski, K. A., & Bolan, G. A. (2015). Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2015. MMWR Recommendations and Reports, 64(3), 1–137.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
- Why is a pelvic exam necessary for Geri’s case?
A pelvic exam is crucial to assess Geri’s reproductive health comprehensively and confirm or rule out the presence of infections, lesions, or abnormalities in the genital area.
- Why is a Pap smear recommended for Geri?
A Pap smear is advised because Geri is sexually active and has not had a recent screening. It helps detect abnormal cervical cells early, reducing the risk of cervical cancer.
- What is the importance of diagnosing and treating chlamydial cervicitis and trichomoniasis in Geri’s case?
Prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to alleviate symptoms, prevent complications, and reduce the risk of transmitting these infections to sexual partners.
- Why is partner treatment necessary for Geri’s case?
Partner treatment is crucial to break the cycle of reinfection. Treating sexual partners helps prevent re-infection and the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) within the community.
- What are the key elements of contraceptive counseling for Geri?
Contraceptive counseling should include discussing various contraceptive options, their effectiveness, side effects, and the importance of consistent and correct usage to prevent unintended pregnancies.
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