Client System—( a movie character) Must provide Movie/episode information) Provide the name of the character (client) and demographic information along with presenting the problem and identify what movie or show this character is in (include season and episode if using a television show) Discuss diversity issues faced by your client system including mechanisms of oppression and discrimination. How will you negotiate, mediate, and advocate with and on behalf of your client? Identify personal biases that could impact your interaction with the client and discuss how you will manage those biases. Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) – Research and define one Evidence-Based Practice that is commonly used with the client system that you have How does this EBP meet the needs of your client and enhance their capacity? Would another EBP be more effective in meeting your client’s needs? General Intervention Model (GIM) – the second level headings are the steps–engagement, assessment, etc Discuss how you would apply each step in the GIM with the client and provide a brief definition of each step. Code of Ethics 1. Pick two values or two ethical responsibilities that would help you in your work with the client system. What ethical issues/dilemmas may arise when working with this population (tie this into your selected NASW values or ethics)
Social Work Intervention with Forrest Gump: A Client System Analysis
In the realm of social work, practitioners encounter a diverse range of client systems with unique needs and challenges. This essay explores a case study involving Forrest Gump, a fictional character from the movie “Forrest Gump” directed by Robert Zemeckis (1994). Forrest Gump, portrayed by Tom Hanks, is a white male born in the 1940s, and the film follows his life journey, including his experiences during the Vietnam War, his achievements as an athlete, and his role in inspiring social change. This essay will address several key aspects of social work practice, including diversity issues, evidence-based practice (EBP), the General Intervention Model (GIM), and ethical considerations.
Client System Overview
Forrest Gump is a complex character whose life experiences are shaped by various factors, including his cognitive disabilities, his upbringing by a loving mother, and his interactions with a diverse set of individuals. Born in Greenbow, Alabama, in the 1940s, Forrest’s cognitive limitations were evident from an early age. Despite his intellectual challenges, Forrest’s mother, Mrs. Gump, played a significant role in his life, providing him with love, support, and guidance. Forrest’s mother recognized his potential and instilled in him a strong sense of self-worth, teaching him to believe in himself and his abilities.
Forrest Gump’s presenting problem revolves around his intellectual disabilities, which significantly impact his ability to understand complex social situations and process information at the same pace as his peers. Throughout the movie, Forrest faces various challenges due to his cognitive limitations, such as bullying, social exclusion, and difficulty with academic tasks. Despite these challenges, he possesses remarkable physical abilities, such as running exceptionally fast, which leads to his inclusion in a college football team.
Diversity Issues and Mechanisms of Oppression
Diversity issues are prevalent in Forrest Gump’s life, primarily because of his cognitive disabilities. As a white male, Forrest benefits from certain privileges associated with his race and gender; however, his intellectual disability exposes him to various forms of oppression and discrimination. Mechanisms of oppression and discrimination that Forrest encounters include:
- Stigmatization: Forrest is often stigmatized and ridiculed by his peers due to his cognitive disabilities. His classmates and others mock him, call him names, and underestimate his abilities, which leads to social isolation.
- Limited Opportunities: Forrest faces limited opportunities in education and employment because of societal prejudices against individuals with disabilities. People underestimate his potential, assuming that he is incapable of meaningful contributions to society.
- Invisibility: In some situations, Forrest’s abilities and worth are overlooked or dismissed because of his disability. People often fail to recognize his unique qualities and talents.
To negotiate, mediate, and advocate on behalf of Forrest Gump, a social worker must adopt a client-centered and strengths-based approach. Understanding the mechanisms of oppression and discrimination that Forrest faces is crucial in developing effective interventions.
Negotiation and Mediation
Negotiation involves working with the client to identify their needs and preferences, while mediation focuses on facilitating communication and resolving conflicts. In Forrest’s case, negotiation would entail establishing a trusting and nonjudgmental relationship. Given Forrest’s limited cognitive abilities, the social worker may need to employ simplified communication strategies, such as using visual aids or concrete examples, to ensure effective negotiation.
Mediation may be required to address conflicts arising from Forrest’s interactions with others. This could include mediating conflicts with peers who bully him or advocating for reasonable accommodations in educational or employment settings. Mediation strategies would involve facilitating communication between Forrest and relevant parties while promoting understanding and empathy.
Advocacy is a critical aspect of social work practice, especially when working with clients facing discrimination or marginalization. In Forrest’s case, the social worker should advocate for his rights and equal opportunities. This may involve:
- Educational Advocacy: Ensuring that Forrest receives appropriate educational accommodations and support services to help him succeed academically.
- Anti-Bullying Advocacy: Advocating for policies and interventions to prevent bullying and promote a safe and inclusive environment for Forrest in school and community settings.
- Employment Advocacy: Advocating for inclusive employment practices and reasonable accommodations to help Forrest access and maintain employment.
- Disability Rights Advocacy: Advocating for Forrest’s rights as a person with disabilities, including access to healthcare, housing, and community services.
Managing Personal Biases
Social workers must be aware of their own biases and prejudices, as these can impact their interactions with clients. When working with Forrest Gump, it is essential for the social worker to recognize and manage any biases related to cognitive disabilities. Some potential biases that may arise include:
- Patronizing Attitudes: Social workers may unconsciously adopt a patronizing attitude when working with clients with cognitive disabilities. This can undermine the client’s autonomy and self-esteem.
- Assumptions of Dependency: There may be a tendency to assume that Forrest is entirely dependent on others due to his disability, neglecting his strengths and abilities.
- Low Expectations: Social workers might have lower expectations of Forrest’s capabilities, which can result in missed opportunities for his personal growth and development.
To manage these biases, the social worker should engage in ongoing self-reflection, cultural competence training, and supervision. They should also seek input from Forrest and his support network to ensure that their perceptions align with Forrest’s self-identified needs and goals.
Evidence-Based Practice (EBP)
One evidence-based practice commonly used with clients like Forrest Gump is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). CBT is a therapeutic approach that focuses on identifying and challenging negative thought patterns and behaviors to promote emotional and behavioral change (Beck, 2011). CBT is particularly relevant for clients with cognitive disabilities as it can be adapted to their unique needs.
CBT can meet Forrest’s needs and enhance his capacity in several ways:
- Emotional Regulation: CBT can help Forrest manage his emotions, which is especially valuable given the emotional challenges he faces due to bullying and social exclusion.
- Social Skills: CBT can be used to develop and improve Forrest’s social skills, allowing him to navigate social interactions more effectively.
- Problem-Solving: CBT can teach Forrest problem-solving techniques, which can be essential for addressing the challenges he encounters in daily life.
- Self-Esteem and Self-Advocacy: CBT can empower Forrest to develop a positive self-concept and advocate for his needs, increasing his self-worth and confidence.
While CBT is a valuable EBP for Forrest, it is essential to consider individual differences and preferences. The effectiveness of any intervention depends on the client’s unique characteristics and circumstances. Therefore, it is important to continually assess and adapt the approach to best meet Forrest’s evolving needs.
General Intervention Model (GIM)
The General Intervention Model (GIM) is a framework that guides the social work process by delineating various stages or steps. These steps include engagement, assessment, planning, intervention, and evaluation (Kirst-Ashman & Hull, 2018). Let’s explore how each step of the GIM can be applied in working with Forrest Gump:
- Engagement: In the engagement phase, the social worker establishes rapport and builds a trusting relationship with Forrest. Given Forrest’s cognitive disabilities, it is essential to use clear and simple language, employ active listening skills, and create a safe and nonjudgmental space. Building rapport may take time due to Forrest’s potential trust issues stemming from past experiences of bullying and discrimination.
- Assessment: Assessment involves gathering information about Forrest’s strengths, challenges, and needs. This phase would include a comprehensive assessment of Forrest’s cognitive abilities, emotional well-being, social skills, and support system. The assessment should also consider his aspirations and goals, as well as the impact of discrimination and stigma on his self-esteem.
- Planning: Based on the assessment findings, the social worker collaborates with Forrest to develop a customized intervention plan. This plan should set clear goals and objectives, outline specific interventions, and establish a timeline for implementation. The plan should also consider Forrest’s preferences and involve his input in decision-making.
- Intervention: The intervention phase involves implementing the strategies and interventions outlined in the plan. For Forrest, this could involve individual counseling using CBT techniques, social skills training, advocacy for educational accommodations, and facilitating social inclusion activities. The social worker should continuously adapt the interventions based on Forrest’s progress and feedback.
- Evaluation: Evaluation is an ongoing process that assesses the effectiveness of the interventions and their impact on Forrest’s well-being and functioning. Regular evaluation allows for adjustments to the intervention plan as needed to ensure it remains aligned with Forrest’s evolving needs and goals.
Code of Ethics
The National Association of Social Workers (NASW) provides a comprehensive Code of Ethics that guides social work practice. Two values and ethical responsibilities from the NASW Code of Ethics that are particularly relevant to working with Forrest Gump are:
- Value: Service: Social workers’ primary goal is to help people in need and to address social problems. This value emphasizes the importance of promoting the well-being of individuals and communities. In Forrest’s case, the value of service underscores the social worker’s commitment to improving Forrest’s quality of life and advocating for his rights and opportunities.
- Value: Social Justice: Social workers pursue social change to address social injustices and advocate for vulnerable and oppressed populations. Given Forrest’s experiences of discrimination and stigma, the value of social justice calls for the social worker to actively work towards creating a more inclusive and equitable society. This includes addressing the structural barriers and biases that Forrest faces.
Ethical Issues and Dilemmas
Several ethical issues and dilemmas may arise when working with Forrest Gump:
- Confidentiality and Informed Consent: Forrest’s cognitive disabilities may impact his ability to provide informed consent and understand the implications of confidentiality. The social worker must balance the need to protect Forrest’s privacy with the need to involve his support network and ensure his safety.
- Autonomy and Paternalism: Balancing Forrest’s autonomy with the need to provide guidance and support can be challenging. The social worker must avoid being overly paternalistic while still ensuring that Forrest’s decisions are informed and in his best interest.
- Advocacy and Cultural Competence: The social worker may face dilemmas related to advocating for Forrest’s rights while respecting his cultural values and preferences. It is crucial to navigate these challenges by seeking input from Forrest and his support network.
Forrest Gump’s character provides a unique case study for social work practice. His life journey, characterized by cognitive disabilities, discrimination, and remarkable achievements, highlights the importance of adopting a client-centered and strengths-based approach. In working with Forrest, social workers must address diversity issues, employ evidence-based practices like CBT, apply the General Intervention Model, and adhere to ethical principles, including values like service and social justice.
By negotiating, mediating, and advocating on Forrest’s behalf, social workers can help him overcome the barriers and challenges he faces. Additionally, recognizing and managing personal biases is crucial to providing effective support and promoting Forrest’s self-determination. Through these interventions, social workers can empower individuals like Forrest Gump to lead fulfilling lives and contribute meaningfully to society.
Beck, J. S. (2011). Cognitive therapy: Basics and beyond. Guilford Press.
Kirst-Ashman, K. K., & Hull, G. H. (2018). Understanding generalist practice (8th ed.). Cengage Learning.
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