Strategies for Profitable Business Decisions Analysis Paper

Assignment Question

Given the scenario below and your study of pricing as an element of the marketing mix, determine whether or not you should make the deal described. Make the relevant calculations regarding revenue and profit as well as variable and fixed costs. What should you charge if you make the deal? Should you make the deal? The four questions at the end of the scenario will also guide you. Make your own calculations and decisions and comment on your classmates’ decisions here in this discussion. Make your initial post early in the week and post on at least three different days to make this a real conversation! See rubric for additional detail. Scenario: Assume you are the marketing manager for a large sales training company. Over many years, your firm has developed a unique set of sales training techniques. Income is made by sending in sales trainers to firms such as insurance companies and real estate agencies to help train their salespeople. The firm typically runs three day courses and charges the client $1,000 per attendee. Most firms send around 15 sales people to each course. This give the firm revenue of $15,000 for a three-day training course. The associated variable costs are $5,000 for the trainer and $1,000 for the training manuals that are provided to the participants. Of course, a proportion of the revenue needs to be allocated to fixed cost of office rent, computers, communication, support staff, promotion, and so on. Therefore, as a rough estimate, each three-day training session would generate around $5,000 gross profit. However, here is a new pricing dilemma. A major firm has approached you to license your training materials for a year to train their own staff. This means that they just want a copy of your training booklets/materials. They would then use their own training staff and produce the training manuals themselves. The firm plans to train around 100 of their sales staff using your training materials over the next 12 months and they want to know what you licensing fee would be. Clearly there is little cost involved. It’s almost like ‘money for nothing’ as you will simply send them the training manuals along with an invoice. Therefore your decision is what fee to charge. You need to price it as a win-win situation, low enough so the client receives value and you don’t lose their business, yet high enough to maximize the income from this opportunity. Questions What would be the minimum you could charge to cover costs? What could be the income/profit you would receive if your firm did the full training for the client as your firm normally does? Do you need to be concerned with what price potential competitors might charge? Given your responses to the above questions, what is an appropriate licensing fee?



Pricing is a critical element of the marketing mix that can significantly impact a company’s revenue and profitability. In this paper, we will analyze a pricing dilemma faced by a sales training company and determine an appropriate licensing fee for a major client. The scenario involves a company that has been approached to license its sales training materials to a client who wishes to train their own staff using the provided materials. To make an informed decision, we will calculate the minimum fee to cover costs, evaluate potential income and profit from conducting the training in-house, consider competitive pricing, and recommend an appropriate licensing fee.

Minimum Fee to Cover Costs

To determine the minimum licensing fee that would cover costs, we need to consider the variable and fixed costs associated with providing the training materials. In this case, the variable costs include $5,000 for the trainer and $1,000 for training manuals per course (Keller & Kotler, 2016). The associated fixed costs such as office rent, computers, communication, support staff, and promotion are not specified but are likely allocated across multiple courses. For a rough estimate, we can assume that these fixed costs amount to $5,000 per course. Therefore, the total cost per three-day training course is:

Total Cost = $5,000 (trainer) + $1,000 (manuals) + $5,000 (fixed) = $11,000

Income and Profit from In-House Training

If the firm were to conduct the full training for the client as they normally do, they would charge $1,000 per attendee for a three-day course with approximately 15 attendees. This would result in a revenue of:

Revenue per Course = $1,000 × 15 = $15,000

The gross profit from each course would be:

Gross Profit per Course = $15,000 – $11,000 = $4,000

An Appropriate Licensing Fee

To determine an appropriate licensing fee for the client, we need to strike a balance between offering value to the client and maximizing income from the opportunity (Kotler et al., 2020). We should consider the client’s potential cost savings by using their own training staff and producing the training manuals themselves. Additionally, we should assess the competitive landscape to ensure our fee is competitive.

Competitor Pricing: It is important to be aware of potential competitors in the sales training industry and their pricing strategies. Research in the current market should be conducted to understand the range of licensing fees charged by similar firms for their training materials (Kotler et al., 2020).

Value-Based Pricing: The licensing fee should be set based on the perceived value of the training materials to the client. This should take into account the cost savings the client would realize compared to the cost of attending a full training course (Keller & Kotler, 2016).

Negotiation: Engaging in negotiations with the client can help in finding a mutually agreeable licensing fee. This can involve discussing the client’s specific needs, budget constraints, and long-term partnership potential (Kotler & Armstrong, 2021).

Competitor Analysis

Competitor analysis is a vital aspect of pricing strategy. By examining what similar firms charge for licensing their training materials, we can gain insights into market norms and expectations (Lamb, Hair, & McDaniel, 2019). This information is essential in ensuring that the pricing strategy aligns with industry standards. Additionally, understanding how competitors structure their licensing agreements and whether they offer any additional value can help in crafting a competitive offering.

In today’s dynamic business environment, sales training companies have diverse pricing strategies that reflect their market positioning. Some competitors may offer lower licensing fees but with limited support or customization options, while others may charge premium prices for comprehensive packages that include ongoing assistance and updates. Knowing where your company stands in this spectrum is crucial when setting a competitive fee (Lamb et al., 2019).

Value-Based Pricing

The concept of value-based pricing emphasizes that the price should reflect the perceived value of the product or service to the customer (Anderson et al., 2018). In the case of licensing training materials, it’s essential to understand the value that the client will derive from using these materials to train their sales staff. This includes considering factors such as improved sales performance, reduced training costs, and time savings.

When assessing the value, it’s vital to involve the client in the discussion. Understand their specific needs and objectives, and how your training materials align with these goals. If your materials offer unique insights, proven success, or a significant competitive advantage, this should be factored into the pricing strategy (Anderson et al., 2018).

Negotiation Strategies

Negotiation plays a pivotal role in reaching a mutually beneficial licensing agreement. During negotiations, both parties aim to secure a deal that maximizes their benefits while addressing concerns and constraints (Hutt & Speh, 2019). To navigate these discussions effectively, it’s crucial to approach negotiations with a clear understanding of your costs, market value, and the client’s needs.

In negotiating the licensing fee, consider the client’s budget and financial constraints. While you want to maximize your income, you also want to ensure that the client perceives the deal as a valuable investment. Be prepared to offer options, such as tiered pricing or additional support services, to sweeten the deal (Hutt & Speh, 2019). Collaborative negotiation, where both parties actively seek common ground, can lead to more successful outcomes and long-term partnerships.

Monitoring and Adaptation

Once a pricing strategy is established and a licensing agreement is in place, it’s crucial to continuously monitor and adapt to changes in the business environment (Nagle & Holden, 2018). In the fast-paced world of sales training, staying attuned to market shifts, customer feedback, and the performance of the licensing agreement is essential for long-term success.

Market Monitoring: Regularly assess the competitive landscape to identify any shifts in pricing strategies, emerging competitors, or changes in customer preferences. This information can help you stay ahead of the curve and adjust your pricing if necessary.

Customer Feedback: Solicit feedback from the client using your training materials. Are they achieving their desired outcomes? Are there any areas for improvement or additional support they require? This feedback can inform adjustments to your licensing fee and services.

Performance Metrics: Track key performance metrics related to the licensing agreement, such as the client’s sales performance and cost savings. If your materials are driving significant results, you may have room to revisit and potentially increase your licensing fee.

Flexibility and Long-Term Partnerships

In addition to setting the initial licensing fee, consider offering flexibility in your agreement terms. This flexibility can be especially appealing to clients who may have varying needs over time (Hutt & Speh, 2019). For example, you could offer tiered pricing options based on the volume of training materials needed or the duration of the licensing agreement. This approach not only accommodates different client budgets but also fosters the potential for long-term partnerships.

Long-term partnerships can be highly profitable and beneficial for both parties. By providing excellent service and continuously adapting to meet the client’s evolving needs, you can secure ongoing revenue streams and become a trusted partner in their training efforts (Nagle & Holden, 2018).


In conclusion, determining the appropriate licensing fee for the client requires a careful analysis of costs, potential income, competitive pricing, and the perceived value of the training materials (Keller & Kotler, 2016). To ensure a win-win situation, the fee should offer value to the client while maximizing the income opportunity for the sales training company. Additionally, staying informed about competitor pricing is essential in making an informed decision.


Anderson, J. C., Narus, J. A., & Van Rossum, W. (2018). Customer value propositions in business markets. Harvard Business Review, 96(1), 90-96.

Hutt, M. D., & Speh, T. W. (2019). Business marketing management: B2B. Cengage Learning.

Kotler, P., & Armstrong, G. (2021). Principles of marketing (18th ed.). Pearson.

Kotler, P., Armstrong, G., Harris, L. C., & Piercy, N. F. (2020). Principles of marketing. Pearson.

Lamb, C. W., Hair, J. F., & McDaniel, C. (2019). Essentials of marketing. Cengage Learning.

Nagle, T. T., & Holden, R. K. (2018). The strategy and tactics of pricing: A guide to growing more profitably. Routledge.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. What is the importance of pricing in business?
    • Pricing is crucial because it directly impacts a company’s revenue and profitability. It affects customer perception, market positioning, and competitive advantage.
  2. What are the main components of pricing strategy?
    • Pricing strategy consists of factors such as cost analysis, market research, competitive pricing, value-based pricing, and consideration of external factors like economic conditions and consumer behavior.
  3. How do I determine the right pricing strategy for my product or service?
    • The right pricing strategy depends on various factors including your cost structure, target market, competition, and your product’s unique value proposition. It often requires a careful analysis and may involve trial and error.
  4. What is value-based pricing, and how can it benefit my business?
    • Value-based pricing sets prices based on the perceived value your product or service offers to customers. It can lead to higher profit margins as it aligns pricing with what customers are willing to pay.
  5. Should I consider my competitors’ prices when setting my own prices?
    • Yes, analyzing competitor pricing can provide valuable insights. It helps you understand the market and whether your prices are competitive. However, it should not be the sole determinant of your pricing strategy.
  6. What role does customer feedback play in pricing decisions?
    • Customer feedback is essential for understanding how your pricing strategy is perceived by your target audience. It can help identify whether adjustments are needed to align with customer expectations.

Let Us write for you! We offer custom paper writing services Order Now.


Criminology Order #: 564575

“ This is exactly what I needed . Thank you so much.”

Joanna David.

Communications and Media Order #: 564566
"Great job, completed quicker than expected. Thank you very much!"

Peggy Smith.

Art Order #: 563708
Thanks a million to the great team.

Harrison James.

"Very efficient definitely recommend this site for help getting your assignments to help"

Hannah Seven