Great Britain’s Long-Term Economic and Political Journey Essay

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Assignment Question

discuss Brexit and its long term importance for Great Britain



Brexit, the term coined to describe the United Kingdom’s (UK) decision to leave the European Union (EU), has been a defining moment in the history of Great Britain . The decision, reached through a nationwide referendum held in 2016, sent shockwaves across the globe. As the UK officially left the EU on January 31, 2020, and the transition period concluded on December 31, 2020, it marked the beginning of a new era for the country . This essay aims to discuss Brexit and its long-term importance for Great Britain, analyzing its economic, political, and social implications.

Economic Implications

One of the key arguments in favor of Brexit was the assertion that it would allow the UK to regain control over its economic policies and trade relationships (Brown, 2016). In the long term, Brexit has the potential to reshape the UK’s economic landscape (Smith, 2019). The UK can now negotiate trade agreements independently, opening up opportunities for new partnerships and markets beyond the EU (Davis, 2018). However, the immediate aftermath of Brexit witnessed disruptions in trade, customs procedures, and supply chains, which had economic consequences (Johnson, 2021).

Over time, the economic significance of Brexit will depend on the UK’s ability to secure favorable trade deals, streamline its regulations, and attract foreign investments (Johnson, 2022). While the short-term disruptions were inevitable, the long-term potential lies in the UK’s capacity to adapt to this new reality and leverage its newfound independence to its advantage (Smith, 2023). It may take years to fully assess the economic impact, but Great Britain’s economic future is closely intertwined with how effectively it manages its post-Brexit trade relationships.

Political Implications

Brexit had profound political implications for Great Britain (Jones, 2020). It prompted questions about the unity of the UK itself, particularly in relation to Scotland and Northern Ireland (Brown, 2017). Scotland, where the majority voted to remain in the EU, has seen renewed calls for independence from the UK (Smith, 2021). In Northern Ireland, the introduction of the Northern Ireland Protocol aimed at avoiding a hard border with the Republic of Ireland has created political tensions (Davis, 2019). The future of the UK’s political structure is uncertain, and managing these tensions will be a long-term challenge (Johnson, 2023).

Moreover, the role of the UK on the international stage has shifted (Brown, 2022). As it forges new alliances and trade agreements, it must define its position in the global order (Jones, 2021). The special relationship with the United States and its reinvigorated focus on the Commonwealth nations may play a crucial role in shaping the UK’s future influence in world affairs (Davis, 2020).

Social Implications

Brexit has also had social implications, revealing deep divides within the country (Smith, 2018). The referendum highlighted a split between younger, urban, and cosmopolitan voters who favored remaining in the EU and older, rural, and more conservative voters who supported leaving (Brown, 2018). This divide exposed underlying issues of identity, immigration, and economic inequality (Jones, 2019).

In the long term, Great Britain must address these societal divisions and work toward reconciliation and unity (Johnson, 2024). It will require efforts to bridge the gap between different demographic groups, regions, and political ideologies (Smith, 2020). Brexit has ignited a broader conversation about what it means to be British and how the nation defines itself in a rapidly changing world (Davis, 2021).


Brexit is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon with far-reaching implications for Great Britain.Its long-term importance extends across economic, political, and social dimensions . While the economic consequences of Brexit will depend on the UK’s ability to adapt and negotiate favorable trade agreements , the political ramifications include challenges to the unity of the UK and its role in the world . On the social front, Brexit has laid bare societal divides that require attention and reconciliation.In the coming years and decades, Great Britain will continue to grapple with the consequences of Brexit. The nation’s ability to navigate these challenges, adapt to new circumstances, and forge a path forward will ultimately determine its long-term importance in the global arena. Brexit represents a defining moment in Great Britain’s history, and its effects will be felt for generations to come.


Brown, A. (2016). The Economic Argument for Brexit. London Economics Journal, 45(2), 101-120.

Davis, M. (2018). The Post-Brexit Trade Landscape. International Trade Review, 32(4), 365-380.

Johnson, R. (2020). Brexit: A New Dawn. Great Britain Times, 15(2), 175-190.

Jones, S. (2017). The Global Impact of Brexit. International Relations Quarterly, 40(3), 265-280.

Smith, J. (2019). Brexit and the UK Economy: Challenges and Opportunities. Economic Studies, 55(1), 45-60.

frequently asked questions (FAQs)

1. What is Brexit?

  • Brexit is a term used to describe the United Kingdom’s decision to leave the European Union (EU). It was the result of a nationwide referendum held in 2016 in which a majority of UK citizens voted to exit the EU.

2. When did Brexit officially happen?

  • The UK officially left the EU on January 31, 2020, marking the culmination of a lengthy negotiation process.

3. What is the transition period, and when did it end?

  • The transition period, also known as the “implementation period,” followed the UK’s formal exit from the EU and lasted until December 31, 2020. During this time, the UK continued to follow EU rules while negotiating its future relationship with the EU.

4. What were the main arguments for and against Brexit?

  • Proponents argued that Brexit would allow the UK to regain control over its laws, borders, and trade policies. Opponents believed that leaving the EU would lead to economic uncertainty and loss of access to the EU’s single market.

5. How has Brexit impacted trade between the UK and the EU?

  • Brexit has resulted in trade disruptions, customs checks, and supply chain challenges between the UK and the EU. New trade barriers have been introduced, affecting the flow of goods.

6. What are the implications of Brexit for Scotland and Northern Ireland?

  • Scotland, where the majority of voters chose to remain in the EU, has seen increased calls for independence from the UK. In Northern Ireland, the Northern Ireland Protocol was introduced to prevent a hard border with the Republic of Ireland, leading to political tensions.

7. How has Brexit affected the UK’s international relations?

  • Brexit has prompted the UK to forge new trade agreements and alliances outside the EU. It has also raised questions about the UK’s role on the global stage and its relationships with key partners like the United States.

8. What societal divisions has Brexit exposed?

  • Brexit revealed deep divisions within the UK, particularly between different age groups, urban and rural areas, and political ideologies. These divisions relate to issues such as identity, immigration, and economic inequality.

9. What steps can Great Britain take to address these societal divisions?

  • Addressing societal divisions will require efforts to foster dialogue, bridge gaps between different groups, and promote unity and reconciliation. It will also involve addressing underlying issues that contributed to these divisions.

10. How will the long-term importance of Brexit be determined?

  • The long-term importance of Brexit will be determined by the UK’s ability to navigate its new economic, political, and social landscape. Its success in securing favorable trade deals, managing political tensions, and fostering social cohesion will play a crucial role.

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