Explain to Sara what the soreness that she is specifically experiencing is while also indicating to her how this soreness occurred structurally and what the causes of soreness are.

You must choose 1 of the case study essay prompts below and answer the question thoroughly in no less than two full pages. Be very specific in your answer. At least three citations must be included in your assignment based upon the resources that you choose to use. Note: these resources must only come from human performance oriented textbooks or scholarly journals from the sports science, nutrition, and the human performance field. Current APA style is required and your response must be in paragraph form and double spaced with 12-point, Times New Roman font. Also, remember to include your name at the bottom of the last page. (Writer, just make a place holder!)

1) Tommy and Jimmys cousins Sara and Tanya are identical twins. Sara and Tanya have never worked out before, and more specifically, have never engaged in a resistance/weight training program, but they would like to start. Sara is going to train with Tommy (the power/strength athlete) while Tanya will train with Jimmy (the endurance athlete). What type of adaptations should the girls expect in the first 6 to 8 weeks and how would you explain, in detail, those adaptations? Secondly, what specific type of resistance training (i.e., muscular strength, power, muscular endurance, etc.) should Sara and Tanya utilize and how would they accomplish this (think variations of load/weight, intensity, rest, sets, etc.). Finally, describe what adaptations will occur to Sara and Tanya after 812 weeks of resistance training (160pts)?

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2) After working out with Tommy, Sara comes to you and complains of being very sore for the last 24 to 72 hours. Explain to Sara what the soreness that she is specifically experiencing is while also indicating to her how this soreness occurred structurally and what the causes of soreness are. Sara, at first, thought her soreness was due to hyperplasia of the muscle fibers, but you must explain to her why this did not happen to her. Also, identify what Sara could do to decrease the severity of this soreness from happening again.

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3) You are teaching a college undergraduate exercise physiology class. One of your students, Bob Parker just started a resistance training program. He is surprised at his increase in strength (in the first 6 weeks), but he has not increased his muscle size. He would like to know how this is possible. Then, 3 months later, Bob feels stronger, but notices that his muscles have not sufficiently grown larger, and he wonders how he has gotten somewhat stronger without sufficient muscle growth. Explain to Bob what exactly is going on and why his genetics, training, and other related variables might be hindering his size development.

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4) Dean Weakman has been competing in Strongman Competitions throughout the majority of his early 20s and 30s. He has always noticed that with heavy strength and power training, he gets stronger and improves his performance. However, Dean has always wondered specifically how his body has adapted to the challenges of his severe anaerobic training. Therefore, specifically explain to Dean what his general anaerobic adaptations (identify at least 7 to 8) have been and thoroughly describe how they have led to his increased performance abilities.

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5) Bob Parker is stretching and causes the muscle spindle to activate. What specifically is the muscle spindle and why did it engage in activity? After stretching, Bob decides to attempt to impress his baby brother, Tony, as he tries to biceps curl 75lbs. What organ will be activated that may stop Bob from causing damage to both his biceps and the tendon. Plus, why is this proprioceptor so important and discuss the process as to how this organ is going to potentially save Bobs muscle and hopefully stop him from hurting himself in front of Tony. Finally, Tony throws his rattle at Bob and it hits him in the face. Then, Tony throws his bottle at Bob, but Bob catches it and unexpectedly juggles it with the rattle (that he picked up just prior to the bottle being thrown at him). Then, Bob almost drops them both before successfully catching them both. Explain how the brainstem and spinal cord play a role in Bob first catching the bottle as well as his unexpected juggling and re-catching act

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