The Use of Special Effects In Silent Movies.

The Dissertation should be written in a third person My dissertation focuses on the use of special effects in silent movies, the technicalities, uniqueness. The technique adopted in using special effect to make silent movies will be the focus of this dissertation. Hence, the research problem/issues to be resolved is divided as follows; The Nature of Silent Movies Special Effect in Silent Movies Definition, Distinction from Filming without Special Effects Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Special Effect in Silent Movies Types of Special Effect in Film Used During Silent Period. ARGUMENTS Effectiveness of special effects in silent movies Whether the use of special effects in silent movies requires special expertise as opposed to filming without special effect Whether Special Effect is useful in Silent Movies If truly special effects were made use of back in the early years. In developing the above arguments, the following will be used; Ten silent films with special effects to mention Mlis, G. (Director). (1902) A trip to the moon. Griffith, . (Director). (1915) Birth of a nation. Keaton, B. (Director). (1924) Sherlock, Jr. Niblo, F. Brabin, C. Cohn, . (Directors) (1925) Ben Hur. Murnau, FW.(Director). (1926) Faust. Fritz, L.(Director). (1927) Metropolis. Gance, A. (Director). (1927) Napoleon. Hitchcock, A. (Director). (1927) The Lodger. Vertov, D. (Director). (1929) Man with a movie camera. Chaplin, C.(Director). (1931) City Lights. Four silent films with special effects to analyse and study in greater details. Breakdown of chapters Chapter 1: Nature of Silent Movies – Technicalities required in using Special Effect for the Production of Silent Movies Special Effect in Silent Movies – The Definition, Uses, Distinction from Films without Special Effects Types of Special Effect in Film Used During Silent Period Chapter 2: Mlis, G. (Director). (1902) A trip to the moon. And other movies and tricks. Chapter 3: Murnau, FW.(Director). (1926) Faust. Chapter 4: Fritz, L.(Director). (1927) Metropolis. Chapter 5: Vertov, D. (Director). (1929) Man with a movie camera. Chapter 6: Conclusion and Recommendation TITLE The title should inform the reader simply and concisely what your study is about. It is important that the title is self-explanatory; and that you avoid irrelevant and misleading words. The title should not exceed 12 to 15 words. It is important to the project and is often forgotten. A good title will sum up the research in one concise sentence. Keep it short and to the point. At the very minimum the title should include details of the variables and the nature of the main expected relationships between them and work around this. ABSTRACT The abstract is one paragraph that summarises your study. For an empirical study, its length should be no more than 150 words. Type the abstract itself in a single paragraph in block format indented on either side. Type all numbers (except those that begin a sentence) as Arabic numerals (Arabic numerals are our traditional numbers 1, 2, 3 etc..). The abstract like the title, should be self-explanatory and self-contained. The abstract should include (a) the aim of the study, (b) a summary of the method, (c) a synopsis of where you intend to take the reader. Do not include in the abstract any information that is not included in the main body of the report. It is a summary of all of the other sections. It also should be self-contained and the idea is that the reader should not have to read the whole dissertation in order to be able to read the abstract. Therefore, you should not use abbreviations and terminology which are only explained in the dissertation. Also, as you will not know what you have done until you have finished the study it is a good idea to leave writing this until the end. It will take more than one attempt to write the abstract in order to include all of the relevant information within the word count. Remember to re-draft it and refine it. INTRODUCTION The introduction orients the reader to the research. It should answer a number of basic questions: ? What previous research led you to your project? ? What are your research aims? ? What is the specific rationale for your research? CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS The purpose of this section is to extend the rationale for your research. This can be achieved by referring to previous research and theories in the area and how your research follows on from previous research. Many students provide a good review but do not work on their rationale. Frequently this is a forgotten part of an undergraduate thesis. The rationale builds the argument for you research, explaining why your research is important, how it fits in with previous research, and how it will be conducted. Think of this section as a funnel, starting off broad, providing an introduction to the area, providing relevant theory and research and narrowing down your focus to your proposed research. This section is a general introduction to the area of interest. Make sure not to make it too general as this can make the introduction longer and thus affect the word count. Make sure not to go off on tangents. It takes time to write this section and to decide what to include and what not to, so dont expect to get the contextual analysis perfect the first time. It will require redrafts. A good method to decide whether the research or theory is relevant it to ask whether the research you are discussing helps in explaining the rationale for the study. If No then you should consider omitting it. Next, show the reader that the contribution is a potentially interesting or important one. Why have people paid attention to this issue? Why is the new issue one that people should pay attention to? Does an error in previous research really undermine conclusions that previous investigators have drawn? Remember, the purpose of the introduction is to interest the reader in your research; the reader will either be motivated to continue reading or just toss your dissertation aside. LITERATURE REVIEW Next you want to review the main theories, variables and research of interest. These should be those that are most relevant to your research. Assume in your review that the reader is familiar with the general area of research. The readers main interest is in what you have to contribute. They are interested in the previous literature only as it relates directly to your contribution. Make sure not to go off on tangents. A good review of the theories and research is one that is evaluative rather than just descriptive. Try to evaluate the research you review here. So when you describe a piece of research, also go on to evaluate said theories by mentioning other work which supports it with or which even contradicts it. Remember, you do not get marks for description – evaluate the literature, do not describe it. In addition, avoid repetition and redundancy. Furthermore, use the passive voice but avoid the use of personal pronouns (I, we, our, us, etc.). CRITICAL DISCUSSION Once you have told the reader what is already known, you must relate what still needs to be known, that is, what you intend to through your own rhetorical method. Tell the reader not only what you intend to contribute, but also what the nature of the contribution is. Does your research resolve an issue that has been unresolved in the past? Does it deal with issues that others have not thought about? Does it attempt to correct an error in previous research? Always think about the rationale for the research. The rationale explains why your research is important or interesting within the context of previous research and theory. This section is interpretive and predicated on your own analyses alongside previous research and theories. The focus of this section is the explanation and interpretation of your findings. As you complete each paragraph you should read over it and if it does not relate in some way to your findings then it is not appropriate for your discussion. This section foregrounds the relevance of your research. CONCLUSION The final section of your Dissertation is a concise restating of the main findings of your research and any important points that stemmed from your discussion. Dont sensationalise the final paragraph or write any personal opinions based on your research just conclude the section based on the content mentioned here. It is worth noting how your work might create possible avenues for future research. Dont pick ideas for future research from thin air. The suggestions for future research should stem from your findings and add to the literature for your area of interest. Remember to provide some rationale for this suggestion, why is it important and how does it stem from the current research. Also, discussion any applications or implications of your research. Does it have any real-life implications or applications? REFERENCES Start the reference list on a new page in Harvard Referencing Style. The reference section provides a complete list of the sources you cite in your dissertation. The reference list should be in alphabetical order in terms of the first author. Remember, to cite secondary sources, refer to both sources in the text, but include in the references section only the source that you actually used. What is referencing and why is it necessary? Referencing is a standard method of acknowledging the sources of information you have consulted. Anything words, figures, theories, ideas, facts originating from another source and used in your assignment must be referenced (. acknowledged) ? To avoid plagiarism ? So that the reader can verify quotations What is plagiarism? Plagiarism is defined by the College as the act of presenting the work, written or otherwise, of any other person, including another learner or institution, as your own. The only way to use another persons work without committing plagiarism is to fully and precisely reference the original author(s) in your own work. APPENDICES In your appendices you need to include the following: ? Copies of questionnaires if used (and if not breaking any copyright laws) ? Transcripts of any interviews carried out. The Acknowledgments page Acknowledgements should not be extensive, should be in proportion to the assistance received, and should be generous in relation to help received from outside the College, ., clinics, schools, or libraries. Page numbering Pages should be numbered consecutively, except the cover page. Number all pages in Arabic numerals in the upper-right hand corner (Arabic numerals are our traditional numbers 1, 2, 3 etc..). The number should appear at least 1 inch from the right-hand edge of the page, in the space between the top edge of the paper and the first line of text. If a page must be inserted or removed after numbering is completed, renumber the pages; do not number inserted pages with, for example, 6a or make other repairs. There is no requirement for headers or footers. Ensure that the page numbers on the contents page tally with the numbers on the pages that they are referring to. Numbering of tables and figures Tables are numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text and are identified by the word Table and its Arabic numeral flush left at the top of the table. Can be double-spaced or single-spaced but be consistent and begin the table title flush left, capitalizing the initial letters of the principal words, and italicizing the title. If the title is longer than one line, double-space between lines, and begin subsequent lines flush left under the first line. Centre column heads and subheads over the appropriate columns within the table, capitalizing only the initial letter of the first word of each heading (do not capitalize the second part of a hyphenated word unless it is a proper noun). Figures are also numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Use the word Figure and an Arabic numeral. Each figure must have a title that includes the figure number. Remember that the title of a table appears over the table, and the title of a figure appears under the figure. Paragraphs and Indentation Indent the first line of every paragraph. For consistency, use the tab key, which should be set at five to seven spaces or in. Type the remaining lines of the dissertation to a uniform left-hand margin. The only exceptions to these requirements are the abstract, titles and headings, table titles, and figure captions (titles). Margins Leave uniform margins of at least 1 in. ( cm) at the top, bottom, left, and right of every page. In most word-processing programs, 1 in. is the default setting for margins. Uppercase and Lowercase Letters Type the following parts of your dissertation in uppercase and lowercase (capitalize the first letter of important words): Most headings; Table titles; some elements of the reference list (see examples above). Headings Your dissertation should use from one to five levels of headings. For most pieces of work, three or four levels of heading are sufficient. Three levels: Centred Uppercase and Lowercase Heading Flush Left, Italicized, Uppercase and Lowercase Side Heading Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. Four levels: Centred Uppercase and Lowercase Heading Centred, Italicized, Uppercase, and Lowercase Heading Flush Left, Italicized, Uppercase and Lowercase Side Heading Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. Spacing and punctuation Space once after all punctuation. Exception: Do not space after internal periods in abbreviations (., .A.) or around colons in ratios.Show more

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